KAIROS Canada Resources: Documents, Reports and Teachers’ Kits

Welcome to the KAIROS Blanket Exercise™ program e-Resource Centre where you will find materials and links that span more than 500 years of Indigenous-non Indigenous relations, including: historical documents and links, government commissions and reports, and a variety of teachers’ kits, activities and curriculum.  We hope you find these resources useful and welcome your email feedback.

Getting Started 

These introductory resources provide an overview of historical and contemporary issues faced by Indigenous peoples in Canada:

Indigenous Foundations at the University of British Columbia is an information resource on key topics relating to the histories, politics, and cultures of Indigenous peoples in Canada and explores topics such as identity, land and rights, government policy, community and politics, culture, and global Indigenous issues.

Indigenous Issues 101 is a blog written by Chelsea Vowel who is Métis from manitow-sâkahikan (Lac Ste. Anne) Alberta. The site contains links and documents organized around several themes, including: Myths or Misunderstandings, Identity and Culture, Aboriginal Law and Treaties, Historical and Continuing Justice, Indigenous Health and Safety, Organizations, Thoughts about Language and Culture, and articles from Attawapiskat, and Elsipogtop.

The 8th Fire CBC documentary draws from an Anishinaabe prophecy that declares now is the time for Aboriginal peoples and the settler community to come together and build the ‘8TH Fire’ of justice and harmony.

Historical Documents

These historical documents, reports and federal legislation provide a background and context with respect to the ideologies and policies that informed Indigenous relations in Canada for more than 500 years:

The Doctrine of Discovery is discussed in two powerful videos: Chief Oren Lyons on the Doctrine of Discovery and Discovered? Or Stolen! Repudiating the Doctrine of Discovery by the United Church of Christ.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763 is both available in its complete text as well as explained in this video.

See the complete text of the Indian Act as well as documents and analysis of the Indian Act provided on the University of British Columbia’s Indigenous Foundations website.

Commissions and Reports

These commissions and reports outline recent Canadian and international reconciliation and recognition efforts:

The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) report was released in 1996 and is the foundation of the KAIROS Blanket Exercise. With over 2000 pages of history and 440 recommendations, it traces the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada from the time of contact and outlines a reconciliatory path based on widespread awareness and understanding of our shared history, a mutual recognition of rights and responsibilities, and an acknowledgement that the federal government’s policy direction up until now has been wrong. View highlights of the RCAP report and visit the 2006 RCAP report card  written by the Assembly of First Nations.

From 1820 until the 1990s, the Federal Government took First Nations, Inuit and Métis children ‎from their homes and communities and put them in boarding schools (called Residential Schools) that were run by churches. In 2008, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to “facilitate ‎reconciliation among former ‎students of Indian Residential Schools, their families, their ‎communities and all Canadians”. In June 2015, the Executive Summary of the Findings  of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission were released, along with 94 Calls to Action  based on principles of truth and reconciliation. The Survivors Speak  documents first-hand testimonials from residential school survivors.

Information about Residential Schools can be found through the First Nations Education Steering Committee, on  the Legacy of Hope website  as well as the Aboriginal Healing website. The Where Are the Children website is a touring exhibition that explores the history and legacy of Canada’s Residential School System through Survivor stories, archival photographs, and documents.

The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the General Assembly in 2007 and affirms “that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples, while recognizing the right of all peoples to be different, to consider themselves different, and to be respected as such.”  View the special UNICEF report entitled Know Your Rights! United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – for indigenous adolescents that helps young people learn about this crucial human rights document in a way that is fun and engaging.

Teachers’ Kits, Activities and Curriculum

This section contains a variety of lesson plans and ideas, activities and relevant links for students JK-12 around themes including: Indigenous history, culture, reconciliation, and understanding.

JK – Gr 2  Math Catcher introduces mathematics and science to Indigenous students through the use of First Nations imagery and storytelling.

JK – Gr 8  Inuit Culture Online  is designed to teach Canadian school age children about Inuit culture. Developed by the Ottawa Inuit Children’s Centre, it includes downloadable resources for teachers and a series of video podcasts.

Gr 1 – 8   We Are All Treaty People is an education kit developed by the Anishinabek Nation with links to the Ontario curriculum in Social Studies, Math, English and the Arts as well as teacher support for Grades 1 to 8. It includes books, maps, DVDs and an 800-piece Treaty of Fort Niagara LEGO® wampum belt, designed by nine-year-old Alexander Hebert from Dokis First Nation. Call 1-877-702-5200 to order.

Gr 3 – 9   Mikmavel is a curriculum resource developed by a distinguished group of Mi’kmaw educators for use by teachers of  Mi’kmaw history, culture and knowledge.

Gr 4 -10   On the Path of the Elders  is a computer game that shares the story of the Mushkegowuk and Anishinaabe Peoples of Northern Ontario, and the signing of Treaty 9.

Gr 6 – 12  Legacy of Hope Foundation is an education program targeted to Canadian youth aged 11-18 and designed to support educators and administrators in raising awareness and teaching about the history and legacy of residential schools.

Gr 9 – 12 Canadian History is an educational resource produced by the Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation around the theme of Canadian history from an Indigenous perspective.

Métis Educational Resource Kit includes picture books, educational books and history texts.  Academic articles are included in the Teacher’s Guide along with artifact photos and information.

Métis Education Kit, developed by the Métis Nation of Ontario, is a great way to provide an introduction to Métis history, culture and heritage in Ontario. Each kit contains a variety of items including a sash, flashcards, fiddle music and a timeline.

N’WeJinan Activities is a music initiative that often works in schools and gives a voice to First Nation artists through music and creative expression.

Project of the Heart is an award-winning initiative that commemorates the lives lost at Indian residential schools. Students hear testimony from a survivor and decorate a wooden tile in honour of one of the thousands of children who died at the schools.

The Project of Heart e-book is an interactive resource, developed by the British Columbia Teachers’ Federation, that provides educators with the ‘back story’ utilizing links on each page to offer related resources.

Winds of Change is the KAIROS campaign to focus attention on the TRC’s Calls to Action. The Education for Reconciliation initiative focuses on Call to Action 62.i,  that calls for the residential school legacy, Treaties and past and present Indigenous contributions to this country to be a mandatory part of the curriculum from Kindergarten to Grade 12 in each province and territory.

Films and Videos 

Stay current on news and watch TV shows for adults and kids on the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN).

The 8th Fire CBC documentary draws from an Anishinaabe prophecy that declares now is the time for Aboriginal peoples and the settler community to come together and build the ‘8TH Fire’ of justice and harmony.

Unikkausivut sharing our Stories: More than 60 films about the Inuit experience, representing all four Canadian Inuit regions: Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, Nunavut and Inuvialuit.

Hi-Ho Mistahey! is an inspiring film on Shannen’s Dream and the struggle for a new school in Attawapiskat, Ontario.

Wapikoni Mobile provides a wealth of short films made by Indigenous youth, mostly in Quebec – available in both French and English.

Blanket Exercise Scripts

Please note that KAIROS Blanket Exercise™ scripts are no longer  available on the public website. A network portal is being developed for all trained KBE facilitators.