The blankets represent land in Canada and the participants are the Indigenous people or European settlers
Photo: Students were placed into groups and were asked to pick and sit on a blanket of their choice. The blankets represent land in Canada, while the students represent the Indigenous people who were in Canada when the Europeans arrived. (Christina Jung / CBC)
Nearly 800 students from Lutheran and Anglican churches across Canada gathered at Lakehead University’s Thunder Bay campus on Thursday afternoon to learn the history of Indigenous people and how colonization occurred in Canada, through what’s known as a blanket exercise.
Organized and developed through Kairos — a coalition of ten national churches and religious organizations — this blanket exercise is a storytelling event that “tells the relationship between Indigenous and non-indigenous people in Canada,” according to Kairos’s program manager, Ed Bianchi.
“The blanket exercise is essentially a history lesson,” Bianchi told CBC News, “it’s an experiential, participatory workshop that lasts about 45 minutes.”
He said a total of 800 youths will start the exercise by standing on one of the many blankets laid out in front of them, which represents the land.
As the narrators read the story out loud, Bianchi said “the participants on the blankets, who represent the First Nation and the Inuit people who were here when the Europeans first arrived … those participants will respond to cues in the script.”
As the exercise continues, the impact of colonization becomes evident as students on the blanket are either asked to stand closer together as their land continues to shrink, or step away from the blanket completely as they have died from lack of food.
“As they are asked to leave the blankets, the land opens up and the Europeans move in and take it over and that’s represented by folding the blankets up,” Bianchi said.
Before you know it, he said the floor which was once covered in blankets becomes bare.
“What you see is the historical process of displacement and dispossession happen before your eyes,” said Bianchi, “and because the participants are involved, it has a greater impact.”
Stories from those who have lived it
As a way for these students to fully feel and understand what happened, the blanket exercises are facilitated by Indigenous elders in the community, who “have essentially lived the story that the participants are hearing,” according to Bianchi.
“That is very crucial and very important [because] it helps make it more real for people but it also helps people to understand how all these government programs and policies have an impact on human beings and how that is reflected in society,” Bianchi said.
Thursday’s blanket exercise is the second event that elder Gene Nowegejick from Gull Bay First Nation has helped facilitate.
“I am a descendent of the Robinson Superior Treaty of 1850 so I have a direct link to the treaty in this area, so I understand … what happened and what it was like and what’s happening moving forward,” elder Nowegejick explained.
He said events like this are important because knowledge of the past can help prevent repeat occurrences in the future.
As a residential school survivor, Nowegejick believes this blanket exercise will not only help the 800 students learn the facts and truth about the history of Canada but also become future advocates.
The most frequent response participants give after a blanket exercise, Bianchi says, is shock and confusion.
He said people wonder why they were never taught or told about the history of Indigenous people in Canada in school, which is why this blanket exercise has become a “conversation starter for many participants.”
“People are given a perspective that they didn’t have before,” Bianchi said, “[and] we often hear that this is going to make a difference in terms of how they approach Indigenous people.”
He said knowledge is key and this blanket exercise “is important in helping combat racism and ignorance.”
Written by Christina Jung and originally published by CBC News on August 17, 2018.